1st conditional

If + present simple + will future

USE - Expresses things that are likely to happen in the future or will probably happen in the future:

If the company makes a bigger profit, we will get a bonus next year.
or,
We will get a bonus next year if the company makes a bigger profit.

No comma is needed when we start with ‘will’ as this is the normal English word order (subject + verb)

Question form based on the ‘will’ part of the sentence
What will happen if the company makes a bigger profit?

Negatives can be formed using the ‘will future’ or the present simple
If we don’t make a bigger profit, we won’t get a bonus next year.
If it doesn’t rain, we can complete the building work.


Exercises


Choose the right verb form in italics (highlight the text for solutions!)

If we move / will move our business to another town, I won’t / do not stay with this company
If we move our business to another town, I won’t stay with this company
We will offer / offer more services if we employ / will employ more staff
We will offer more services if we employ more staff
It is / will be late when we get back to the office, if we won’t / don’t leave now
It will be late when we get back to the office, if we don’t leave now
If he doesn’t / won’t stop speaking, this meeting will go / is going overtime


Complete these sentences, use the verb in brackets, or choose another verb:


What will happen if…
If it rains tomorrow, _______________________________________________ (go for a walk) I won't go for a walk
If the boss moves to another job, _____________________________________(apply) I will apply for her job
If I get a big raise in pay, ____________________________________________ (buy) I will buy a new car
If I buy a new car, __________________________________________________ (spend)  I will probably spend too much
She will close our account if __________________________________________________
We will find another supplier if________________________________________________
He will phone the office if ____________________________________________________
They will send us an email if ___________________________________________________





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